Xeno-canto - Wildlife sounds from around the world

Latest version published by Test Organization #1 on Sep 9, 2022 Test Organization #1
Publication date:
9 September 2022
Published by:
Test Organization #1
CC-BY-NC 4.0

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 5 records in English (5 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (8 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (8 KB)


Xeno-canto (XC) is an online database that provides access to sound recordings of wild birds from around the world. The recordings are shared by a growing community of thousands of recordists from around the world, amateur birdwatchers and professionals alike. The aim of Xeno-canto is to have representation of all bird sounds, meaning all taxa, to subspecies level, their complete repertoire, all of the geographic variability, at all stages of development.

The website of Xeno-canto (www.xeno-canto.org) was launched in 2005. It is run by the Xeno-canto Foundation for Nature Sounds in The Netherlands, with support from Naturalis Biodiversity Center.

Please note that the Xeno-canto dataset shared on GBIF is currently a subset of the entire XC collection. Only the recordings by recordists who have given their permission to share recording metadata with GBIF are shared at the moment. We expect the dataset to increase over time, as more recordists give permission to share data with GBIF.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 5 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Occurrence (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Vellinga, W.P., Planque, R. & Xeno-canto foundation (2005- ), Xeno-canto - bird sounds from around the world. GBIF subset, accessed at ....


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Test Organization #1. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 71e4e9d6-6a5e-420c-b21c-0258a4d86f92.  Test Organization #1 publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Secretariat.


aves, birds, bird sounds; occurrence; Observation; Occurrence


Willem-Pier Vellinga
  • Metadata Provider
  • Point Of Contact
Stichting Xeno-canto voor Natuurgeluiden
Willem-Pier Vellinga
  • Metadata Provider
  • Point Of Contact
Stichting Xeno-canto voor Natuurgeluiden
Jeroen Creuwels
Data manager
P.O. Box 9517
NL-2300 RA Leiden
Niels Raes
Node manager
P.O. Box 9517
NL-2300 RA Leiden
P.O. Box 9517
NL-2300 RA Leiden

Geographic Coverage


Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]

Taxonomic Coverage

Birds, with taxonomy based on IOC World Bird List.

Class Aves (Birds)

Temporal Coverage

Formation Period 1900-current

Sampling Methods

No Description available

Quality Control Identifications of recordings are subject to crowdsourced validation by the Xeno-canto community. Identifications can be discussed and flagged for review. When this is the case, the identification status is indicated in the occurrence data.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Vellinga, W.P. & R. Planque (2015). CLEF2015 Working Notes, CEUR Workshop proceedings Vol-1391.
  2. Vellinga, W.P., B. Planque, S. Pieterse & J. Jongsma (2017). www.xeno-canto.org: a decade on. Neotropical Birding 21: 40-47.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers