Xeno-canto (XC) is an online database that provides access to sound recordings of wild birds from around the world. The recordings are shared by a growing community of thousands of recordists from around the world, amateur birdwatchers and professionals alike. The aim of Xeno-canto is to have representation of all bird sounds, meaning all taxa, to subspecies level, their complete repertoire, all of the geographic variability, at all stages of development.
The website of Xeno-canto (www.xeno-canto.org) was launched in 2005. It is run by the Xeno-canto Foundation for Nature Sounds in The Netherlands, with support from Naturalis Biodiversity Center.
Please note that the Xeno-canto dataset shared on GBIF is currently a subset of the entire XC collection. Only the recordings by recordists who have given their permission to share recording metadata with GBIF are shared at the moment. We expect the dataset to increase over time, as more recordists give permission to share data with GBIF.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 5 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Vellinga, W.P., Planque, R. & Xeno-canto foundation (2005- ), Xeno-canto - bird sounds from around the world. GBIF subset, accessed at ....
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Test Organization #1. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 71e4e9d6-6a5e-420c-b21c-0258a4d86f92. Test Organization #1 publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Secretariat.
aves, birds, bird sounds; occurrence; Observation; Occurrence
- Metadata Provider ●
- Point Of Contact
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]|
Birds, with taxonomy based on IOC World Bird List.
No Description available
|Quality Control||Identifications of recordings are subject to crowdsourced validation by the Xeno-canto community. Identifications can be discussed and flagged for review. When this is the case, the identification status is indicated in the occurrence data.|
- Vellinga, W.P. & R. Planque (2015). CLEF2015 Working Notes, CEUR Workshop proceedings Vol-1391.
- Vellinga, W.P., B. Planque, S. Pieterse & J. Jongsma (2017). www.xeno-canto.org: a decade on. Neotropical Birding 21: 40-47.