CS-PHOC: Weekly census counts of Southern Ocean phocids at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island (1997-2023)

Sampling event
最新版本 published by Test Organization #1 on 3月 15, 2024 Test Organization #1
Published by:
Test Organization #1
CC0 1.0

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The Cape Shirreff Phocid Census (CS-PHOC) dataset is part of long-term monitoring efforts at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) United States Antarctic Marine Living Resources Program (U.S. AMLR) and the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH) have conducted synoptic, weekly counts of Southern Ocean phocids hauled out on Cape Shirreff during most austral summers since 1997-98. These census data, which will continue to be collected by the U.S. AMLR program and thus updated yearly, provide a rare and valuable source of information about changes in population trends and area use by Southern Ocean phocids in a climate change hot spot.

CS-PHOC is a sampling event type dataset published as open data with technical support provided by SCAR Antarctic Biodiversity Portal (biodiversity.aq) (BELSPO project RT/23/ADVANCE).

This dataset contains records of Hydrurga leptonyx, Leptonychotes weddellii, Lobodon carcinophagus, and Mirounga leonina census counts at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island (62.47° S, 60.77° W). All census records were collected by field biologists using binoculars during field expeditions at Cape Shirreff in the austral summers from December 1997 to February 2023.

The data is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive, which contains presence, absence, sex and life stage of Southern Ocean phocids observed in each survey. This dataset is published under the license CC0. Please follow the guidelines from the SCAR Data Policy (SCAR, 2023) when using the data. A manuscript describing the CS-PHOC dataset is currently in review; if you are interested in the project or have any questions regarding this dataset, please contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via data-biodiversity-aq@naturalsciences.be.

This dataset is part of the U.S. Antarctic Marine Living Resources program funded by NOAA.


此資源sampling event的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案(DwC-A),其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 461 筆紀錄。

亦存在 1 筆延伸集的資料表。延伸集中的紀錄補充核心集中紀錄的額外資訊。 每個延伸集資料表中資料筆數顯示如下。

Event (核心)

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Woodman S M, Borras-Chavez R, Goebel M E, Torres D, Aguayo A, Krause D J (2024). CS-PHOC: Weekly census counts of Southern Ocean phocids at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island (1997-2023). Version 1.3. SCAR - AntOBIS. Samplingevent dataset. https://ipt-obis.gbif.us/resource?r=usamlr_cs-phoc&v=1.3



此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Test Organization #1。 To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.


此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 5b77626b-c622-49aa-b405-4507a7dbb981。  Test Organization #1 發佈此資源,並經由GBIF Secretariat同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。




Samuel M. Woodman
  • 元數據提供者
  • 出處
  • 連絡人
U.S Antarctic Marine Living Resources Program, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Fisheries
Renato Borras-Chavez
  • 出處
Department of Biology, Baylor University; Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH)
Michael E. Goebel
  • 出處
U.S Antarctic Marine Living Resources Program, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Fisheries; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, The University of California at Santa Cruz
Daniel Torres
  • 出處
Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH)
Anelio Aguayo
  • 出處
Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH)
Douglas J. Krause
  • 出處
U.S Antarctic Marine Living Resources Program, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Fisheries
Yi-Ming Gan
  • 連絡人
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences


Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-62.47, -60.77], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-62.47, -60.77]


All phocids were identified to species level

Species Lobodon carcinophagus (Crabeater seal), Mirounga leonina (Southern elephant seal), Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard seal), Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell seal)


起始日期 / 結束日期 1997-12-10 / 2023-02-10


This project provides census count data of Southern Ocean phocids at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island.

計畫名稱 U.S. Antarctic Marine Living Resources Program: Cape Shirreff Phocid Census
辨識碼 gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:70769
經費來源 This project is funded by the NOAA Fisheries U.S. AMLR Program. Early years of data collections were funded by the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH).


This dataset consists of census counts of four Southern Ocean phocids during the austral summer at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island, from 1997 through the time of publication. Counts were performed by trained INACH or U.S. AMLR field biologists following a standardized sampling protocol. Count data were grouped and aggregated to provide a single, comparable count for each species for each census.

研究範圍 This dataset describes the census counts of four Southern Ocean phocids (crabeater, leopard, southern elephant, and Weddell seals) at Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island (62.47° S, 60.77° W), beginning in 1997 and running through the time of publication.
品質控管 All event records were also reviewed and confirmed using the field notebook scans. All count records were screened for unreasonable values or duplicate entries via R code, either programmatically or visually through plots of the data. Duplicates were removed, and other data flagged by automated checks were validated using paper datasheets or scans of a technician’s field notebooks. Count records were also checked for consistency with regards to blank versus zero entries, ensuring that patterns in the data (i.e., when a particular count column should be NA vs zero) were consistent. Program directors were consulted about all observed patterns, as well as survey scope and techniques over the full timeseries. All scientific names were checked for typo and matched to the species information backbone of Worlds Register of Marine Species (http://marinespecies.org/) and LSID were assigned to each taxa as scientificNameID. Event date and time were verified to be compliant with ISO 8601 standard.


  1. All data were collected at Cape Shirreff (62.47° S, 60.77° W) on the north shore of Livingston Island. Bounded by glaciers to the south, Cape Shirreff is approximately 3 km long and 1.5 km wide. The Cape Shirreff Phocid Census (CS-PHOC) surveys were conducted by INACH from 1997/98 to 2006/07. The U.S. AMLR Pinniped Research Program resumed these surveys in 2009/10, and, except for 2020/21 when the field season was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, has performed them every season through the time of publication. Most CS-PHOC surveys were completed within one day, but occasionally spanned two or three days due to extenuating circumstances (e.g., weather).
  2. The INACH and U.S. AMLR programs both followed the same overall census protocol, where trained field technicians surveyed all safely accessible regions of Cape Shirreff and recorded all live phocids. They collected counts of each species, as well as age class and sex when possible. While the full extent of the area surveyed varied slightly across and within seasons, core census locations were always surveyed. These core census locations span the vast majority of the coastline and phocid haul-out locations at Cape Shirreff, thereby ensuring that CS-PHOC counts are representative of phocid haul-out at Cape Shirreff during each census window. Locations were surveyed on foot, either by walking through haul-out locations, or using binoculars from a high vantage point when practical. Counts were recorded in field notebooks. After the census, data were either entered into a database or otherwise archived.
  3. Entered data varied slightly across programs. Specifically, data from INACH surveys included explicit zero records when there were none of a particular phocid species at a location, while U.S. AMLR records did not include explicit zero records. After consultation with the U.S. AMLR program directors, explicit records with zeroes or missing codes as appropriate, were added to the U.S. AMLR data for core census locations for this dataset.
  4. Data records were compiled from historical documents, field notebooks, Excel files, and a SQL Server database. INACH historical data (i.e., paper records, reports, Excel files) were consolidated into Excel files. These INACH files, along with historical U.S. AMLR Excel files, were imported into the U.S. AMLR Pinniped SQL Server database using R (R Core Team 2023). Once in the database, all data were read into R, where they were cleaned and standardized as follows. Location names and count types (i.e., age class and sex) were converted to standard names, and columns containing count data were aggregated to the lowest resolution across datasets. For instance, some seasons male and female pup counts were recorded separately, but during others only a single pup count was recorded. For this dataset, all pup counts were aggregated to a single, total pup count for each census record.
  5. After cleaning, records were grouped and aggregated to provide a single, comparable count for each species for each census. Specifically, records were filtered for core census locations, and counts were summed after grouping by census and pinniped species. These core census location count values, along with counts for one other regularly-surveyed location, make up the published CS-PHOC dataset.


  1. Thomas A. Jefferson, Marc A. Webber and Robert L. Pitman. Marine Mammals of the World: a comprehensive guide to their identification, 2nd Edition (Elsevier, 2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/C2012-0-06919-0
  2. https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/70769 gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:70769
  3. The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. (2023). SCAR Report 42 - September 2022 - SCAR Data Policy (2022). Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7825314